Cities, Towns and Hamlets

Coordinates: 45°46′29″N 13°36′22″E
Elevation: 39 m (128 ft) / Population 1,421 (2001)

Duino (Slovene: Devin, German: Tybein) is a town and castle at the Adriatic coast in the municipality (comune) of Duino-Aurisina, part of the region of Friuli–Venezia Giulia in the province of Trieste, northeastern Italy.

During the years of the Free Territory of Trieste (1947–1954), however, its ethnic composition changed considerably, as many Istrian Italians fleeing from Yugoslavia settled in Duino. Nowadays, Duino is a predominantly Italian-speaking town, with a numerous Slovene-speaking minority. Most signs are written in both languages, and the municipality of Duino-Aurisina is an officially bilingual one.

Notable natives and residents include the Slovenian economist Ivan Ples (1886–1958), composer Andrej Volarič (1863–1895), and the Italian Jesuit philologist Gregorio Alasia de Sommaripa (1587–1626), who compiled the first Italian-Slovene dictionary in 1601.

Duino is noted for being the place where the physicist Ludwig Boltzmann committed suicide and for inspiring the poet Rainer Maria Rilke to write his Duino Elegies. It is also the place where the well-known Slovene folk legend Lepa Vidaa takes place.

Since 1982 the town has been home to UWC Adriatic, an international school attended by students from 80 different countries, and one of the 15 UWCs around the world.

11th century castle. 14th century castle.

The two Duino castles are the main attraction. The older castle, dating back to the 11th century and which belonged to the patriarchy of Aquileia, is in ruins, while the newer Duino Castle dates back to 1389, is inhabited to this day and can be visited by tourists.

Dama Bianca rock.

Below the ruins of the ancient castle there lies a white rock projecting into the sea, the Dama Bianca, which resembles a veiled woman and gave origin to many gothic legends.


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Created: Saturday, August 22, 2015; Last updated: Saturday August 22, 2015
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